Domestic animals

Sericulturalists preparing silkworms for spinning of the silk Two insectsthe silkworm and the western honey beehave been domesticated for over 5, years, often for commercial use.

Domestic animals

Hereford cow and calf. Rabbits were first domesticated so monks could eat their fetuses. Step inside for a whistlestop tour of some of the weirder facts about animal domestication. If you missed the first installment of this list series, check out 6 Domestic Animals and Their Wild Ancestors.

European rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus European rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus. The Romans began breeding rabbits that they had captured in Spain as a source of meat and fur sometime around BCE and are in fact responsible for accidentally introducing them to the rest Europe when their easy meat sources dug their way to freedom.

Domestic animals

However, it was French monks who began the actual domestication process sometime around CE, for Domestic animals less appealing reasons: While many are bred as pets—which can, like cats, be trained to use a litterbox and thus wander the house—rabbits continue to meet grisly fates despite the fact that they are, to many people, among the most adorable animals around.

Though Litte Bunny Foo Foo may have been the one doing the head bopping in the nursery rhyme, thousands of rabbits are themselves bopped, skinned, and popped into the stew pot each year. Like many animals, cattle were likely domesticated more than once.

The earliest domestication occurred some 10, years ago in present day Iran. The zebu, or Brahmin Bos indicus was bred from the Indian subspecies of Bos primigenius probably 6, years later. African cattle derive from the former line, later hybridized with the distinctively humped indicus type, which is better adapted to hot climates.

They are either of the taurus type, the indicus type, or are hybrids of the two, such as the Santa Gertrudis breed from Texas. With some estimates placing the world cattle population at some 1.

Prussian carp Carassius gibelio Once thought to be descended from the Crucian carp Carassius carassiusrecent analysis has shown that goldfish either originate from the closely-related Prussian carp Carassius gibelio or are hybrids thereof. Mutant forms were selectively bred in China starting some 2, years ago.

During the Tang Dynasty, ponds filled with goldfish first emerged as a popular landscape feature.

What are domestic animals

Lerdsuwa The domestic goldfish Carassius auratus is now among the most popular pets there is. Though many end up the subjects of wryly nihilistic toilet-side funerals while still fingerlings, goldfish can actually live more than a decade or two if properly cared for.

Red jungle fowl Gallus gallus Red jungle fowl Gallus gallus. Painting by Murrell Butler It was long thought that the red jungle fowl Gallus gallus of India was the sole ancestor of the domestic chicken.

However, recent genetic analysis has revealed that the grey junglefowl Gallus sonneratii contributed genes later in the domestication process; it is thought that the Ceylon junglefowl Gallus lafayetti was likely involved in the development of the domestic species as well.

Initially believed to have been domesticated in the Indus Valley some 4, years ago, more recent analysis suggests a possible origin in Vietnam as many as 10, years ago. Probably originally domesticated for entertainment purposes—cockfighting is still popular worldwide, if illegal in some places—chickens Gallus gallus domesticus are now primarily raised for their meat and eggs, most often on an industrial scale that has raised major ethical questions.

Though most commercially bred birds belong to only a few breeds, there are many hundreds of them, from muscled Old English game cocks to plump Rhode Island reds. Heritage breed preservationists struggle to protect the genetic diversity that emerged as chickens spread across the world and adapted to conditions from the tropics to the near-Arctic.

The iridescent plumes were prized for their ceremonial significance and the birds were not commonly raised until Native Americans in the southwest domesticated them.

Presumably, the grotesque fleshy caruncles on their faces were either part of the charm, or were compensated for by the shimmering plumage. Though turkeys were undoubtedly a source of food as well, industrial-scale production did not begin to ramp up in the United States until the late 19th century.

Mallard Anas platyrhyncos ; Muscovy duck Cairina moschata The domestic, or Pekin, duck is thought to have been bred from the wild mallard Anas platyrhyncos in China at least 2, years ago and as many as 10, years ago.

They served as food and also helped keep rice paddies free of pesky crabs. Muscovy ducks Cairina moschataa South American species, were domesticated roughly a thousand years later in Colombia.

Muscovies, on the the other hand, remain largely a curiosity at zoos, though they are reliable egg producers on family farms. Greylag goose Anser anser The Ancient Egyptians probably first domesticated geese about 3, or 4, years ago from the greylag goose Anser anser as well as the native Egyptian goose Alopochen aegyptiacus.

The greylag was certainly known to the Romans; a flock of them supposedly warned the Romans of the Gauls.The domestication of animals is the mutual relationship between animals with the humans who have influence on their care and reproduction.

Charles Darwin recognized the small number of traits that made domestic species different from their wild ancestors. List of domesticated animals. This page gives a list of domestic animals, [1] also including a list of animals which are or may be undergoing the process of domestication and animals that have an extensive relationship with humans beyond simple predation.

Other domestic animals In all instances of exposure to other domestic animal species, the local or state health department should be consulted before a decision is made to euthanize and test the animal, or initiate postexposure prophylaxis.

Domestic animals

Domestic animal definition is - any of various animals (such as the horse or sheep) domesticated so as to live and breed in a tame condition. any of various animals (such as the horse or sheep) domesticated so as to live and breed in a tame condition.

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