In the era before WWI, it became standard in Europe for countries with more imperial colonies to be seen as the strongest powers of the continent. The most developed European countries were all competing to get African colonies, which contained inexpensive labor and a cheap way to produce goods.
Hitler also wanted to regain territories in Africa lost as a result of Treaty of Versailles of On other hand, Mussolini the Italian dictator occupied Ethiopia in until he was forced out in Africans participated in World War II as combatants and labourers.
This war affected Africa in different ways. They had an anti-colonial tradition and encouraged colonial powers to decolonize. The new super powers dominated the United Nations and put pressure on colonial powers to prepare Africans for self-government.
The emergence of Russia as a world power also led to the spread of socialist and Marxist ideas especially in French colonies. Post war Asia also contributed to the rapid decolonization of Africa.
The Dutch were defeated in Indonesia. The fall of Singapore marked the worst defeat in British history. The French were defeated in Vietnam. The defeat of the white men by yellow people encouraged black people to begin on a struggle that would mark the decolonization of Africa.
This led to the achievement of self determination of African colonies in a few years. Another effect was the growth of Pan-Africanism. The Pan-African movement started at the end of ther 19th C to promote the interests of black people both in Africa and the Diaspora. The attack of Italy on Ethiopia in and the defeat of Italy in served to unite black people in Africa and the rest of the world against colonial rule.
It encouraged the growth of black nationalism, leading to the convening of the 5th Pan-African Congress which was held at Manchester in The solution of the congress to push for the immediate end of colonialism in Africa resulted in the formation of mass political parties. As a result most African countries achieved their independence between and The war also resulted in the formation of the UN which in turn affected events in Africa.
This idea was adopted by United Nations Charter of which also called for independence and improvement of livelihoods colonized peoples. The development of human rights system which began in with the signing of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has led to the improvement of livelihoods in Africa through the promotion human rights, for example for children and women.
In addition, the United Nations Trusteeship council put pressure on colonial powers to grant independence to African states. The formation of the UN also encouraged the growth of African nationalism which in turn led to the rapid decolonization of Africa.
The Second World War economically affected Africa in many ways. During the war the needs of European powers led to economic expansion in Africa. This led to expansion on the growth of cash crops and small scale industry, for example, the supply of groundnut oil from Senegal.
There was also expansion in mining because of the need for different minerals by the European powers. In Kenya Africans were allowed to grow crops. It was previously not allowed to grow, for example tea and coffee.
War time industrialization led to greater expectations for Africans as Africans demanded for industrialization in their countries.
There was inflation as a result of high prices for imports and low ones for exports. This affected living conditions of Africans. As a result of the war, more jobs were created especially in French West Africa.
This in turn caused migration of large numbers of people to cities. However as the numbers of migrants increased there was unemployment. Africans especially produce rubber and other goods. The economic hardships in turn caused discontent and led to the rise of African nationalism.
The post war period marked increased exploitation of Africa by the colonial powers. There was increased dependence of Africa on the western world. This was because of emphasis on the production of cash crops. Cash crops were exported a low prices as compared to imports while industrialization was discouraged.
The post war period also marked increased destruction of African culture as a result of colonial education.Colonial rule in Africa is studied in two periods, divided by the First and Second World Wars. Africa's involvement in these two wars helped fuel the struggle for independence from colonial rule.
This was partly because participation of Africans in these wars exposed them to ideas of self-determination and independent rule. The First World War changed things in Europe and Africa. It destroyed the economy . Page 1 of 5 World War 1 and its Effects Wallace G.
2 World War 1 and effects - World War 1 brought a great deal of disruption and heavy impacts for many areas and peoples of Africa.
Warfare - one of the most important motives for the ‘new’ imperialism of the late 19th C (see the. Education - Education after World War II: On Aug. 14, , Japan accepted the Potsdam Declaration and surrendered unconditionally to the Allied powers.
The overriding concern at the general headquarters (GHQ) of the Allied powers was the immediate abolition of militaristic education . The second world war of was a result of the German Chancellor, Adolf Hitler’s plans to take control of Europe.
Hitler also wanted to regain territories in Africa .
The Soviet Union lost around 27 million people during the war, about half of all World War II casualties. The largest number of civilian deaths in a single city was million citizens dead during the day Siege of Leningrad.
In this lesson, we will explore the consequences of World War I. We will learn about the political, economic, and social impact the war had on the United States and Europe.