Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers. In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics. End this element with a period.
April 29, Writing comments on student papers is something of an art: The following recommendations about writing comments were developed for students in writing and literature classes; however, with a little adjustment, they can be applied to any writing assignment.
Remember that students' egos are very fragile. Be careful in your comments not to hurt the students unnecessarily. Tell the students in advance that the job they do on a paper is not a reflection of their worth as a human being. A "D" paper does not make them a "D" human being.
Many students have gotten grades in high school based on how well the teacher liked them, so when you give them a C or D, they think you hate them. Explain that this is not so. It might be good to say, "The more marks you find on your paper, the more it means I like you.
If I didn't care about you, I wouldn't bother to put any marks on your paper. Don't mark errors or make comments in red.
Red ink looks like blood and screams at the student, "How dare you make this mistake! Pencil also allows for erasures, in case you change your mind about a grade, Research on comment card essay, comment, or suggestion.
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Don't use comments merely to justify the grade. That is, don't just summarize all the mistakes you've marked or point out all the deficiencies in the paper so that the student won't object to the grade you assign.
If all the comments are negative, the students will either not read them or be depressed by them. Remember that you want to increase their motivation to do better on future papers. Be sure to point out some positive things about the paper.
Most papers have at least a few things that the student has done well. Good insights, analysis, use of quotations, an effective title, good use of personal examples--these are a few items you might mention. Sometimes you will have to stretch a little, since some papers show little thought and are grammatical and stylistic messes.
But do try to find something good--without being sarcastic: You can usually claim to have found something "interesting" or perhaps "provocative" that the student has said.
Intermix positive and negative comments.
It's usually best to begin with a positive comment about the paper, then mention a criticism, then another positive, and so on. The intermixture helps the student accept the criticisms and shows that you have a balanced response to the paper. Don't use subordination, or "but" or "however" transitions unless transitioning from negative to positive.
That is, never say, "This essay has some good ideas in it, but.
They have heard it too often before: We appreciate your efforts but you're off the team, fired, failed in the class, not going to the prom, etc. It is okay, though, to transition the other way and say, for example, "While there are several serious mechanical errors in this paper, the ideas expressed are quite good.
The difficulty with it is that it does not develop a clearly expressed thesis. That is, what is the point of it all? The paragraphs are interesting and draw upon some of the crucial questions of the novel. There is way too much plot summary. Mechanics need help, too. I liked the section near the end where Mark is shown to have grown.
Criticize "this paper," not "you.
Similarly, when making comments about needs, say things like, "This paper needs a clear central idea," rather than "You need a clear central idea here. Sometimes, it's a good idea to express the difficulty with the paper as your own, as reader, letting the student know that communication is not taking place.The ultimate guide to writing perfect research papers, essays, dissertations or even a thesis.
(background information on the topic or a brief comment leading into the subject matter – up to 2 pages) paraphrases or quotations on note cards, or separate sheets of lined paper. Mark each card or sheet of paper clearly with your outline.
Often, the hardest words to write in an essay are the opening ones. When you’re doing the first draft, I’d suggest just writing your way through the introduction without worrying too much – you’ll want to come back to it when you’ve got the body and the conclusion of your essay firmly decided upon.
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In , I obtained the first Transpluto ephemeris which was published in Germany by the highly respected astrologer/scientist, Theodor Landscheidt. Relying . Writing comments on student papers is something of an art: it requires a little thought and practice for the comments to be effective--that is, both read and attended to.
(writing an essay) under 3 conditions: no feedback, detailed feedback (perceived by participants to be provided by the course instructor), and detailed feedback .