Print Overview Mental illness refers to a wide range of mental health conditions — disorders that affect your mood, thinking and behavior. Examples of mental illness include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders and addictive behaviors. Many people have mental health concerns from time to time. But a mental health concern becomes a mental illness when ongoing signs and symptoms cause frequent stress and affect your ability to function.
Integrated Management of Childhood Illness IMCI WHO releases guidelines to address overweight and obesity in children As part of its response to the global epidemic of obesity, WHO is releasing guidelines to support primary healthcare workers identify and help children who are overweight or obese.
In an estimated 41 million children under 5 were affected by overweight or obesity. Without effective treatment they are very likely to remain overweight and obese throughout their lives, putting them at risk Symptoms of childhood illness cardiovascular disease, diabetes and premature death, as well as suffering physical and psychological consequences in childhood.
Read about the new guidelines Towards a grand convergence for child survival and health: Read the strategic review Background Every day, millions of parents seek health care for their sick children, taking them to hospitals, health centres, pharmacists, doctors and traditional healers.
Surveys reveal that many sick children are not properly assessed and treated by these health care providers, and that their parents are poorly advised.
At first-level health facilities in low-income countries, diagnostic supports such as radiology and laboratory services are minimal or non-existent, and drugs and equipment are often scarce. Limited supplies and equipment, combined with an irregular flow of patients, leave health workers at this level with few opportunities to practice complicated clinical procedures.
Instead, they often rely on history and signs and symptoms to determine a course of management that makes the best use of the available resources. These factors make providing quality care to sick children a serious challenge.
IMCI is an integrated approach to child health that focuses on the well-being of the whole child. IMCI aims to reduce death, illness and disability, and to promote improved growth and development among children under five years of age. IMCI includes both preventive and curative elements that are implemented by families and communities as well as by health facilities.
The strategy includes three main components: Improving case management skills of health-care staff Improving overall health systems Improving family and community health practices. In health facilities, the IMCI strategy promotes the accurate identification of childhood illnesses in outpatient settings, ensures appropriate combined treatment of all major illnesses, strengthens the counselling of caretakers, and speeds up the referral of severely ill children.
In the home setting, it promotes appropriate care seeking behaviours, improved nutrition and preventative care, and the correct implementation of prescribed care.
Why is IMCI better than single-condition approaches? Children brought for medical treatment in the developing world are often suffering from more than one condition, making a single diagnosis impossible. IMCI is an integrated strategy, which takes into account the variety of factors that put children at serious risk.
It ensures the combined treatment of the major childhood illnesses, emphasizing prevention of disease through immunization and improved nutrition. How is IMCI implemented?
Introducing and implementing the IMCI strategy in a country is a phased process that requires a great deal of coordination among existing health programmes and services.
It involves working closely with local governments and ministries of health to plan and adapt the principles of the approach to local circumstances.
The main steps are: Adopting an integrated approach to child health and development in the national health policy.
Upgrading care in local clinics by training health workers in new methods to examine and treat children, and to effectively counsel parents.
Making upgraded care possible by ensuring that enough of the right low-cost medicines and simple equipment are available. Strengthening care in hospitals for those children too sick to be treated in an outpatient clinic. Developing support mechanisms within communities for preventing disease, for helping families to care for sick children, and for getting children to clinics or hospitals when needed.
IMCI has already been introduced in more than 75 countries around the world.There are so many childhood diseases, infectious and noninfectious, that it would be impossible to list them all here.
However, we will introduce some of the most common ones, including viral and bacterial infections as well as allergic and immunologic illnesses.. Bronchiolitis. You may be afraid of rushing to conclusions that label your child with a mental illness.
Your child's teacher or other school staff may alert you to changes in your child's behavior. Early identification and treatment may help get symptoms of childhood schizophrenia under control before serious complications develop. Early treatment is also.
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Unfortunately, many adults don't know the signs and symptoms of mental illness in children. Even if you know the red flags, it can be difficult to distinguish signs of a problem from normal childhood behavior.
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